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# GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions Practice Test 1

GMAT
Critical Reasoning Questions Practice Test 1 for those who want to test their GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test skills. GMAT is a standardized test used for the evaluation of students seeking admission in BBA, MBA, and post-graduate studies in Pakistan or abroad. Management studies provide you with the skills, preparation, and credentials you need to accelerate your career growth. MBA is the most popular degree program in Pakistan. LUMS and IBA MBA programs are the most applied in Pakistan.

Each quiz question in this course is made up of proven interesting researched concepts that test your awareness and grasp of the subject. Detailed feedback for the quiz answers is provided too.

INSTRUCTIONS:

• This Quiz is related to GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions Practice Test 1 in this series
• The Quiz based on the Topic, “GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions
• If you have good understanding about the subject, then you can attempt it
• There will be 10 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) in this test
• Questions will be randomly changed every time you start this test
• You should practice more and more to get high marks
• You can retake this test as many time as you like
• If you feel that any Incorrect Answer to a Question, simply Comment us about the Question.

#### Generally scientists enter their field with the goal of doing important new research and accept as their colleagues those with similar motivation. Therefore, when any scientist wins renown as an expounder of science to general audiences, most other scientists conclude that this popularizer should no longer be regarded as a true colleague.The explanation offered above for the low esteem in which scientific popularizers are held by research scientists assumes that:

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D is correct. Here's why:(A) serious scientific research is not a solitary activity, but relies on active cooperation among a group of colleagues --> this isn't the author's argument; he never alludes to cooperation being necessary to be deemed a "true colleague"(B) research scientists tend not to regard as colleagues those scientists whose renown they envy --> irrelevant(C) a scientist can become a famous popularizer without having completed any important research --> true, but this doesn't mean that that individual is not motivated(D) research scientists believe that those who are well known as popularizers of science are not motivated to do important new research --> BINGO!; if you aren't motivated to do new research, then you aren't a "true colleague"(E) no important new research can be accessible to or accurately assessed by those who are not themselves scientists --> irrelevant

#### Neanderthals vanished around roughly the same time that modern humans arrived in Eurasia, and many scientists suspect the two events are closely linked. One popular theory is that modern humans contributed to the demise of their close cousins, either by out-competing them for resources or through open conflict.Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the popular theory described above?

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Okay, so we need to weaken the theory that says Humans killed Neanderthals.A. A recent study of Shanidar 3, one of the Neanderthals campsite discovered, concluded that the Neanderthals likely died of a rib wound that could have been created by the kind of projectile weapons used by modern humans living at the time. --> StrengthenerB. Scientists have recently discovered some bones and teeth belonging to modern humans that looked as though they had been killed by Neanderthals. --> StrengthenerC. Recently excavated fossils provide sustainable evidence that the Neanderthals died out because they couldn’t reproduce fast enough to keep up with modern humans.D. Some Scientists argue that the Neanderthals may have had a harder time during childbirth due to the large head of Neanderthal babies. --> As discussed aboveE. Several volcanoes in Eurasia have erupted in quick succession about 40,000 years ago before modern humans arrived in Europe. --> Irrelevant

#### In numerous factories, automated equipment is replacing employees in order to save money. These employees will need government assistance to survive, and the same factories that fire employees will eventually pay for that assistance through a heavier tax burden and unemployment insurance fees.Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the author's argument?

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Option C tells that it is unlikely that fired employees will get job somewhere else; hence, they would certainly need assistance.C is the answer

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#### The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy—the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than \$1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

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Answer Choice AnalysisOption AThis option just gives us the number of vehicles and the reason why they are a part of the traffic in central business district. This option does nothing to show that the plan of the officials will be a success or a failure.Thus, this is not the correct answer choice.Option BThis is about future expectation which may or may not materialize. For instance, in the next five years new flyovers might come up which might reduce traffic congestion. Hence, future speculation does not tell us that the plan will be a success in the present.Thus, this is not the correct answer choice.Option CThis option says that in other busy areas in cities, congestion pricing has caused drivers to give up individual driving and they are sharing cars.This means that they individually do not have to pay the amount designated by the officials. This is the way that they have found around the congestion pricing system. And because of this the number of cars/vehicles will be reduced thus leading to the success of the congestion pricing plan. This option is in line with our pre-thinking strengthener3.Thus, this is the correct answer choice.Option DThis is not the aim of the plan and even if this happens it does not support the conclusion that the officials’ plan will help reduce traffic congestion. This is completely irrelevantThus, this is not the correct answer choice.Option EThe number of people who occupy a single vehicle does not give us an estimate of the vastness of the number of vehicles. Even if it did that, it does not tell us that congestion pricing will be successful in reducing traffic congestion.Thus, this is not the correct choice.

#### A major impediment to wide acceptance of electric vehicles even on the part of people who use their cars almost exclusively for commuting is the inability to use their electric vehicles for occasional extended trips. In an attempt to make purchasing electric vehicles more attractive to commuters, one electric vehicle producer is planning to offer customers three days free rental of a conventional car for every 1,000 miles that they drive their electric vehicle.Which of the following, if true, most threatens the plan's prospects for success?

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Lets check the options -(A) Many eclectic vehicles that are used for commercial purposes are not needed for extended trips.Out of scope(B) Because a majority of commuters drive at least 100 miles a week, the cost to the producer of making good the offer would add considerably to the already high price of electric vehicles.Weakens the plan of the Producer , if cost escalates sale will be less.(C) The relatively long time it takes to recharge the battery of an electric vehicle can easily be fitted into the regular patterns of car use characteristic of commuters.Out of scope.(D) Although eclectic vehicles are essentially emission-free in actual use, generating the electricity necessary for charging an electric vehicle's battery can burden the environment.Out of scope.(E) Some family vehicles are used primarily not for commuting but for making short local trips, such as to do errands.Out of scope.Hence IMHO (E) as well ...

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#### While manufacturing tasks at Foldaco are performed by human workers, at Boksco they are all done by programmed robots. Because of this, fewer workers are needed at Boksco while the output levels of the company match those of Foldaco. Clearly, Boksco's operational expenses are lower than those of Foldaco.The answer to which of the following would be most useful in evaluating the argument?

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A. Do the robots used by Boksco require maintenance for them to achieve optimum output levels? If yes -Maintenance cost will add, increasing the operating cost If no- Operating cost is not likely to increase because of this activity KeepB. Do the workers at Foldaco undergo specialized training before they are allowed to perform their tasks? Knowing this for Foldaco is irrelevant; However, same question for Boksco could have been significantC. Are retail prices for products manufactured by Boksco much higher than those manufactured by Foldaco? We are interested in costs not price or profitsD. How long ago did Boksco complete the process of integrating the robots into its manufacturing system? IrrelevantE. Is the sum of the wages of the workers at Boksco higher or lower than that of the workers at Foldaco? It is same as asking whether salaries are same or not - Not same could be more or even lass- IrrelevantA is the answer IMO

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## Entrepreneurship MCQs with Answers Part # 3

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